Monday – Friday
7:30 AM to 4:30 PM
Weekends, Holidays, & Down Days


1000 Ellsworth St. Suite 2200
Ellsworth AFB, SD 57706


(605) 385-2578
(605) 385-5748
(605) 385-5186
(605) 385-1751
Innovation POC: Ms. Loretta Vega – (605) 385-7794


Work for Commanders

Provides data driven, risk informed workforce solutions to improve their major graded areas.

Collaborates Across Functions

Links people to mission execution.

Provides Transparent Analysis

Facts based advice and thorough review of workforce issues.

Integral Part of the Human Capital Ecosystem

Requirements (manpower), acquisition, employment, development, and sustainment of employees (personnel), systems, and physical resources (finance).

Operates with Urgency

Speed of relevance


AFI 38-101

Envision/UMD Plus

UMD for Dummies



How do I get authorized strength number for my unit?

Please contact the 28 FSS/Manpower Flight for assistance. Your Commander’s Support Staff or Resource Manager should also have that information, as they work together with the Manpower Flight to support your unit.

Why can’t the Manpower give us enough people to do all the work?

Manpower deals with “spaces” not “faces”. We work with maintaining the requirements and authorizations on a unit’s Unit Manpower Document (UMD) and are responsible for things such as Grades and AFSCs. Military and Civilian Personnel assign people against those authorizations.

Then why can't Manpower provide more authorizations?

: In most cases, manpower authorizations are established by manpower determinants, which contain programmed manpower equations based on workload factors, such as, population supported or installation square footage. For example, the programmed population supported for a fiscal year is entered into a manpower equation that calculates the monthly manhours required to perform Civilian Personnel workload within 28 FSS/FSC. This manhour total is divided by an AF manpower availability factor to determine the number of requirements that will be put on the UMD for that flight.

Your office applied a new manpower determinant to our organization, which resulted in an increase of four requirements, but two of them were placed on the UMD as unfunded. Why didn't you fund all four positions?

The Manpower community does not own manpower resources. The functional community controls them. Manpower’s role is to help the Functional Managers at the local and headquarters levels manage those resources. Air Force End Strength is the ultimate constraint on how many authorizations may be funded. To the degree that the aggregation of all requirements established by manpower determinants exceed End Strength, those resources can only be placed on the UMD as unfunded requirements. The unfunded requirement documents the need and can be used to justify funding in the future.

Can you develop a Variance for us because of the extra work we do for other offices?

If the work being done is included in the Process Oriented Description, or POD, that is part of the other work center’s manpower determinant, then only the owning work center may receive credit for doing that work. If you are performing a workload that is present on another work center’s POD, that work is considered “assumed.” All assumed workload should be eliminated, if possible. If it the work is not included in another work center’s POD, nor is it in your POD, then it must be directed by higher headquarters to qualify for a variance. We will be happy to classify any workload you are performing to determine whether it qualifies for a variance.


CPI is the practice of reducing and eliminating processing issues to increase efficiency (e.g., quality and speed) while decreasing resource requirements (e.g., cost and time).

About CPI

AFI 38-401 CPI

AF CPI (AF Portal)

Green Belt Training

CPI Course Registration Instructions



AF Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technical Transfers

Government AFWERX

Submit Innovation Ideas Here

AF Innovation Website

DoD Innovation Website


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Share your feedback about this facility through the Interactive Customer Evaluation (ICE) Website.